How To Set Up a Guinea Pig Cage?

When thinking about getting a guinea pig, you should also think about the most suitable home you can get for it. Before adopting, you should already have an idea of the structure and overall enclosure, to avoid facing the dilemma at hand.

Aside from letting in a new member of the family, even if it is a guinea pig, keep in mind that it also needs room to sleep in.

To know more about how and where to set the cage, read the article for all the necessary information.

Location Preference

The guinea pig can stay both inside or outside your home, depending on the preference of the owner. To know which type of cage to buy, first, know which is an excellent area for your little pet.


Keeping them inside means that we can closely monitor their movements, and the sudden changes in behavior can be properly observed. This means that we can provide a faster response to a medical problem or any problem for that matter.

Another benefit that is present in keeping them indoors is the interaction of the owner with the pet. Since the guinea pig often sees and smells the scent of the members in your home, creating a bond will be much easier.

Also, the weather mishaps is not a problem within the premises. Since it is inside the house, the safety of the little pet can be guaranteed at all times.

If you are certain of keeping your pet indoors, the most appropriate housing is a cage. It can be of various types such as a traditional cage, C & C cage, or multilevel.


Some owners prefer to have their guinea pigs reside outdoors for natural air. Though, it is important not to expose them to bad weather.

Also, being outside makes them vulnerable to predators, which is why the type of housing should be sturdy enough to battle with the winds of the climate, and at the same time, protect them from animals that may harm them.

This type is called a hutch, which is specifically designed for pet owners that prefer to keep their pet in the open. They are mostly made up of thick wood and is known to have more strength than typical cages.

Setting Up A Cage

There are certain things that require consideration before you start on your project of making a cage at home. These are:

1. Take Measurements Into Consideration

The pen should be at least 7.5 square feet where even three guinea pigs can fit in it. Acquiring a cage that is too small may disappoint them, especially when they cannot move around too much.

2. Know What Type Of Cage You Want

Different types of cages can be acquired depending on preference. The most common are as follows:

C & C Cage

Cubes and coroplast cage can only be used indoors. It is hugely known due to the adjustable sizing, ability of further expansion, and low-cost.

Wired Cage

This is also an ideal cage to buy, but do keep in mind that you shall not get the one that is too little for your pet, or that has a wired bottom. Do not buy the same cages for small rodents such as those for rats and hamsters.


It is the least preferable due to the improper air circulation and space. It can also block off the senses of your guinea pig on the outside world in terms of sight and hearing.

3. Make The Area Safe From Predators

The presence of other pets such as dogs and cats can make your guinea pig feel threatened. To ensure that they are safe, do not allow others to go near the little one's cage.

Also make sure that their cage is always locked, to prevent unsupervised outing, which can turn out to be harmful to them.

4. Cage Position

One should be careful regarding the position of the guinea pig's cage within their premises for it will affect their overall behavior and mood.

During hot weather, the cage should not be positioned in a room where the rays of the sun cannot directly fall on it. Also, put it in an area that has less noise, to prevent the act of startling them all of a sudden and instilling anxiousness.

Setting up a Hutch

Here’s what you gotta do to set up a hutch;

1. Find The Ideal Location

The chosen spot should be a bright, dry area but does not receive direct sunlight. It should also face away from the wind. Find an area that seems to have a moderate temperature throughout the night and day.

Keep in mind that the temperature the guinea pigs experience are the same as humans, which means that if you find it too cold in your backyard at night, then your guinea pig may do too.

2. Do Not Place It On The Floor

The flooring should not be directly on the ground, as it tends to be colder, and some water from the rain and soil may seep through the hutch that may make the house damp.

To avoid this, elevate the hutch by at least 3 feet using built-in legs. It can also give easy access whenever you need to take your furry pet out. This arrangement also makes it hard for predators to reach the guinea pigs.

3. Choose An Ideal Floor Cover

A floor cover is needed to prevent their litter from making contact with the wood which makes it harder to clean. They are designed specifically to make the cage cozy for guinea pigs, which makes them more likely to be relaxed and feel comfortable.

Also, bedding should be made with things like hay and wood shavings. You can buy good bedding from online shops too!

4. Check For Any Holes That May Allow Water To Seep Through

There is a potential problem when the cage is situated outside. It is the possibility of your guinea pig’s home to get wet inside. This may cause them to feel cold and shiver, which may result in sickness that we do not want.

To avoid this, check for any wear woods, and the stability of the overall structure. Also, you can also spray a non-toxic waterproof agent that can certainly stop any entrance of water.


In choosing their right home, it is best to consider the preference of the guinea pigs. Ask yourself "do they need plenty of space due to their lively characteristic?" or "which location would be the most convenient for my little pets?".

Research a little about the preferences and habits of guinea pigs. It will only help you with buying or making the perfect home for your new friends.

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