How Often Do You Feed a Guinea Pig?

At the end of the day, as you scrabble and bolt to the door as you get back home, do not be surprised if you find your adorable pet nibbling on some hay ever so often.

It is because they are known to be grazing animals, which means that they eat whenever and wherever they can. Their movements will be the most conspicuous, even with their tiny body.

Though, as an owner, you need to be careful of the food that they can and cannot eat to avoid unfavorable circumstances.

Essential Things to Eat

As obvious as it is, guinea pigs are herbivores. They can only eat plants, vegetables, and fruits. Though, just like any other animal, they follow a strict diet that the owner should be informed about.

Hay All The Way!

The guinea pigs need an unlimited supply of hay to munch as they go on with their daily routine. They need this fiber to help their digestion process, which is why it should be available to them. Furthermore, it also helps to wear down their teeth that grow continuously, much like rabbits.

Before serving this to your adorable little guinea pig, make sure that it is fresh, high-quality hay which is free of mold. The most common choice of owners is Timothy Hay, which is proven to be one of the best.

Vegetables Equipped With Nutrients

For vegetables, a cup each day is recommended, though, you should give them only type at a time. They are known to provide vitamins and minerals that can be beneficial to the overall well-being of the pets.

Some of the vegetables preferred are the following:

  • Carrot tops
  • Cucumbers
  • Artichokes
  • Broccoli spears
  • Kale
  • Spinach
  • Other dark green leafy vegetables

You should wash everything before serving, to remove unwanted toxins such as pesticides. Also, if your guinea pig shows discomfort while introducing a type of vegetable, stop feeding immediately and contact your vet for initial remedy.

Supplement Pellets

Only give supplement pellets in your pet’s diet when advised by the veterinarian. It is made to provide balanced nutrition, especially for sick guinea pigs. Also, it has the ideal dosage of nutrients such as vitamin C.

Sweet Fruits

It is best to feed it as little as possible, due to its high sugar content. Bite-sized portions can be served throughout the day to serve as a treat and to supply them with the necessary amount of vitamin C.

Some of the fruits that you can give are as follows:

  • Pears
  • Apples
  • Blueberries
  • Kiwi
  • Peaches
  • Orange
  • Papaya


It is often used to train them and to influence their mood during your playtime adventure but should not exceed the ten percent of the overall diet, as recommended due to the sugar content.

Aside from a small portion of fruit, you can also offer the following:

  • Tomatoes
  • Carrots
  • Bell peppers
  • Other guinea pig treats

What Not To Eat?

Aside from those that can benefit your little pet, there are other types of food that can cause harm to their fragile little body. Some can be poisonous, high in fat, can cause bloating, or is a choking hazard.

Also, do not give them grass from your garden, for it may contain toxins such as pesticides. To know more about nutritional guidelines, consult a veterinarian that specializes in dietary guidelines.

Some of the food that your guinea pigs should avoid eating due to unwanted adverse effects are as follows:

  • Chocolate
  • Caffeine
  • Onions
  • Mushroom
  • Garlic
  • Iceberg lettuce
  • Peanut butter
  • Rhubarb
  • Bread
  • Dairy
  • Cabbage
  • Bok choy

A Guide On How To Feed A Guinea Pig?

Now that you know what to feed them, here is a guide on how to do so. Its purpose is specifically to provide guidance on how to prepare food for your pet;

1. Clean The Water Bottle

The water bottle should be clean throughout and supplied with fresh water at least twice a day. Do not fill the water all the way, especially for indoor pets, as the bottle may crack as the water expands in the process of freezing.

2. Feed The Needed Balanced Diet Instead of Supplements

If you feed your little pet every day and on time, then they will not need multivitamins in their diet. Though, if you do need one, seek the advice of a vet regarding those that are rich in fiber.

3. Control The Amount of Food

The correct amount of food should only be fed, and as an owner, do not exceed the required amount for their safety.  Clearly, you will not want your little fur ball to be overweight. Though, this only applies to vegetables, supplement pellets, treats, and fruits since the hay is a necessity to be given every day.

4. Use A Ceramic Dish To Store Their Food

Guinea pigs tend to knock over the dish if they can. Also, they will most likely chew on anything, and the bowl is not an exception. Using a ceramic dish can ensure that the bowl cannot be easily turned over because the material is heavy.

5. Untouched Fresh Food

Food that has not been touched in the span of an entire day should be thrown out. The appeal of their food gradually gets lost and therefore becomes unappetizing. It can also go stale which might be unhealthy for the guinea pigs.

6. Weight Your Little Pet

This can determine if he is overweight, underweight, or is perfectly healthy. With this, adjust food quantities so that it stays at the required and healthy weight range.

Final Words

Guinea pigs have a lot in common with some people, and that is the action of eating nonstop. Be cautious of the amount of food depending on the content, as a mishap in the eating process can lead to an upset stomach. Also, be careful to not let your guinea pig get their hands or paws on food that they are not allowed.

There is a reason to be cautious, and avoiding this can improve your guinea pig’s well-being.

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